Effluent Treatment Plant
The Effluent Treatment Plant is designed to treat the effluent i.e. waste water recycling coming from different areas of the plant. Water is one of the most important components used in all type of industry. It may be used for washing, cooling, heat exchanging, condensing the steam etc, But water used in industry is not totally consumed. Hence almost all industries generate waste water from industries that needs serious action. So, improper discharge of water can pollute local environment. In many manufacturing industries, by- product can be treated as waste water called “effluent” should be treated before it is released into the environment.
Effluent is an outflow of water or gas from a natural body of water, or from a human made structure. Effluent, in engineering, is the stream exiting a chemical reactor.
Effluent is defined as treated or untreated waste water that flows out of a treatment, sewage or industrial outlet.
So this treatment of waste water i.e. untreated effluent is turned into treated effluent with the help of Effluent Treatment Plant. Clean water is then safely discharged into the environment.
Effluent Treatment Plant can be operated with the help of 4 different ways:
- Preliminary Treatment – Removal of Solids, oil & Grease.
- Primary Treatment- removal of floating & settable such as suspended solids, organic matter.
- Secondary Treatment-Removal of biodegradable organic matter.
- Tertiary Treatment- Removal of residual suspended solids, dissolved solids